The areas of the Montessori curriculum are:
- Area of everyday living-This is an important area in the Montessori environment, particularly for new children. It includes activities that aim to provide the child with independence and confidence in the skills they need in everyday life. It includes washing hands, pouring, cutting, sewing and dressing frames.
- Sensorial-Where children will find activities to help refine their senses. Many of the exercises in this area are also indirect preparations for later mathematics and language work as they enable the child to order, classify, seriate and describe sensory impressions in relation to length, width, temperature, mass and colour.
- Mathematics-Montessori believed that the child learns through having a thorough understanding of the concrete idea before the abstract. This means that the earlier materials have no symbols until counting is understood. Symbols follow this and then the two are combined to form a good understanding of number. Further maths materials include the introduction of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division as well as fractions, decimals and other complex ideas. These operations not only teach the child to calculate, but they provide a deep understanding of how numbers function.
- Literacy– This area begins with letter sounds and games and inset shapes. Letter sounds are taught phonetically. Words are divided into three categories; pink are three letter phonic words (cat), blue words including consonant blends (shop) and green introduce digraphs (deal). As with mathematics, sandpaper letters and the large movable alphabet provide a concrete understanding before further writing and reading work.
- Knowledge and Understanding of the World – The aim of this area is to provide the child with an understanding of the world around them; from the make-up of the planet to geographical features of the world, nature, science ideas such as sinking and floating and magnetism. This area will often involve activities staff have prepared especially for the child’s specific interest; if a child has a special interest in space for example, the teacher will endeavour to provide the child with suitable activities to encourage and aid learning in this subject.
- Creative – This area of learning is throughout the classroom as children are encouraged to think creatively in all areas. We also offer opportunities for children to create for example painting, sticking, cooking, music and movement and drama.